The term “peel” means, literally, to strip off or come off in sheets or scales. In dermo-cosmetics, peels are used to cause an accelerated skin cell turnover for different purposes: cleansing, nourishing, moisturizing, astringency, reducing aging effects, anti-seborrheic action, depigmenting, etc.
Today, chemical peels are considered a better and less invasive treatment option which helps maintain a healthy, beautiful skin, and can also contribute to inhibit signs of aging. Their use is not limited to a single treatment, since they are often used as complements or basic steps in other dermo-cosmetic procedures, such as microdermabrasion, mesotherapy, skin fillers, etc.
According to the depth at which the substance in use acts, the peel can be: – Superficial: causes the destruction of the stratum corneum and partial destruction of the epidermis. – Medium depth: causes total epidermal destruction and total or partial destruction of the papillary dermis. – Depth: induces total destruction of the epidermis and the dermis reaching the mid reticular dermis.
The effectiveness of a peel depends on multiple factors, such as the expertise in the substance used, the characteristics of the skin (phototype, thickness, ethnic inheritance, hypersensitivity), the formulation of each substance (concentration, pH), contact time, etc.